Parks and Monuments

The following are source documents which cover Parks and Monuments. They are intended to be used for teaching New Mexico history.

  • National Monuments
    • Sights of Santa Fe
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      There were no national monuments at the time of statehood. An interesting article in 1907 showed the process and explained how the Old Palace was being promoted as a National Monument. El Morro was established as the first National Monument in New Me
  • National Park Service
    • Pigeon Ranch - Pecos National Park
      Drawing - Library of Congress
      During March 26-28, 1862, Union forces defeated Confederates from Texas in the significant Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass. The heaviest fighting occurred at Pigeon's Ranch, March 28, the hacienda serving as a temporary field hospital with many of
    • The Kent Bill
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      This article explains the features of the Kent Bill, which was used to establish the National Park Service. This article time-dates the activities leading to establish this service. The National Park Service administers National Monuments.
    • Tourist Sign Taos, NM
      Photograph - Farm Security Administration Collection, Library of Congress
      Sign for tourists erected by the Forest Service, Taos, New Mexico. This photo was taken in 1940 and is part of the Farm Security Administration Collection at the Library of Congress.
  • Historic Site Preservation
    • A New Cavalry Drill in the United States Army - Fort Bayard, NM
      Drawing - Library of Congress
      Harper's Weekly drawing shows part of the Sixth Cavalry drilling in the region around Fort Bayard, New Mexico firing over their horses, which lie flat on the ground. In 1865, General Carlton, commander of the District of New Mexico, requested that a
    • Alvarado Hotel
      Photograph - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
      This is a exterior photo of the Alvarado hotel in Albuquerque, New Mexico ca.1922.
    • Bottomless Lakes To Be Made State Park With Federal Help
      Newspaper Article - Albuquerque Journal
      This article describes the details leading to the establishment of the first state park in New Mexico at Bottomless Lakes near Roswell. The work will involve contributions from the Civilian Conservation Corps.
    • Fort Bayard - Panoramic Photograph
      Photograph - Panoramic Photographs Collection, Library of Congress
      Fort Bayard, New Mexico, Alt. 6132; U.S. Public Health Service Hospital no. 55; Colonel H. E. Whitledge, Medical Officer in Charge. Fort Bayard played an integral role in protecting settlers and miners in the Los Pinos and Silver City mining district
    • Fort Bayard Medical Hospital
      Photograph - Fort Bayard Historic Site - Gallery (fortbayard.org)
      In 1865, General Carlton, commander of the District of New Mexico, requested that a new fort be established in the southwest region to protect the early settlers, miners and travelers from the Apache. Fort Bayard, located in the homeland of the Apach
    • Interior of Oldest Church in United States, Santa Fe, N.M.
      Photograph - Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
      Stereograph showing ornate altar and altarpiece of San Miguel Mission with religious figures and candlesticks on the lower level; portraits on the wall above; and Jesus standing on far left.  This stereograph card was taken in 1909 and is part of the
    • Kimo Theater 1943
      Photograph - Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection, Library of Congress
      The KiMo Theatre, a Pueblo Deco picture palace, opened on Sept. 19, 1927. It was commissioned by the innovative Oresete Bachechi, who had envisioned a Southwestern style theater for Albuquerque This photograph was taken by John Collier Jr. in 1943.
    • Kimo Theater 1980
      Photograph - Highsmith (Carol M.) Archive, Library of Congress
      The KiMo Theatre, a Pueblo Deco picture palace, opened on Sept. 19, 1927. It was commissioned by the innovative Oresete Bachechi, who had envisioned a Southwestern style theater for Albuquerque. This photograph was taken in 1980 by Carol Highsmith.
    • KiMo Theater Entrance 1980
      Photograph - Highsmith (Carol M.) Archive, Library of Congress
      The KiMo Theatre, a Pueblo Deco picture palace, opened on Sept. 19, 1927. It was commissioned by the innovative Oresete Bachechi, who had envisioned a Southwestern style theater for Albuquerque. This photograph was taken of the entrance to the KiMo
    • Kit Carson House, Taos, NM
      Photograph - Historic American Buildings Survey, Library of Congress
      Kit Carson House, Kit Carson Avenue, Taos, Taos County, NM. This photo and information about Kit Carson House was complied by the Historic American Buildings Survey after 1933. This is part of the Historic American Engineering and Historic America
    • Native Art on adobe wall, Taos County
      Photograph - Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection, Library of Congress
      Native art on adobe wall. Amalia, New Mexico. This photograph was taken by Russell Lee in 1940 as part of the Farm Security Administration Collection at the Library of Congress.
    • Oldest Church in the United States, Santa Fe, N.M.
      Photograph - Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
      Stereograph showing exterior of San Miguel Mission partially obscured by tree. San Miguel Mission is known as the oldest church in the US.  This stereograph card was taken in 1909 and is part of the Stereograph Cards Collection at the Library of Cong
    • Santa Fe Plaza
      Photograph - Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection, Library of Congress
      This is a photograph of the Santa Fe Plaza in 1943. This photo was taken by John Collier Jr. In 1941 to 1943, Collier worked as a photographer with the Farm Security Administration and the Office of War Information under Roy Stryker and documented m
    • Second New Mexico Governor's Mansion
      Photograph - Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection, Library of Congress
      This photo is of the Second New Mexico Governor's Mansion in 1943. This mansion was used from 1870 until the new Governor's mansion was built in 1954.  The first mansion was located at what is now the Palace of the Governors. The photo was taken b
  • Establishment of Carlsbad Caverns
    • A Big Cave in New Mexico
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      This article describes the history of the establishment of Carlsbad Caverns as a National Monument.
    • Carlsbad Caverns National Park - Giant Dome
      Photograph - Ansel Adams Collection at the National Park Service, National Archives
      This photo by Ansel Adams is "The Giant Dome" which was the largest stalagmite that had been discovered in 1941-42. It is 16 ft. in diameter and estimated to be 60 million years old. In 1941 the National Park Service commissioned noted photographe
    • Carlsbad Caverns National Park - The Big Room
      Photograph - Ansel Adams Collection at the National Park Service, National Archives
      In 1941 the National Park Service commissioned noted photographer Ansel Adams to create a photo mural for the Department of the Interior Building in Washington, DC. The theme was to be nature as exemplified and protected in the U.S. National Parks. T
    • Carlsbad Caverns National Park - The Rock of Ages
      Photograph - Ansel Adams Collection at the National Park Service, National Archives
      In 1941 the National Park Service commissioned noted photographer Ansel Adams to create a photo mural for the Department of the Interior Building in Washington, DC. The theme was to be nature as exemplified and protected in the U.S. National Parks. T

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