New Mexico Role in WW II (1941-45)

The following are source documents which cover the New Mexico Role in WW II (1941-45). They are intended to be used for teaching New Mexico history.

  • Navajo Code Talkers
    • Navajo Code Talker Honored
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      Most of the code talker articles have been restricted in the Access Newspaper Archive database. This article was after the restriction and is somewhat later than the original articles. The article does define Code Talker activities.
  • Internment of Japan Descendants
    • Executive Order 9066 - Japanese Internment
      Primary Document - National Archives
      Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, authorizing the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as mili
  • Manhattan Project
    • Albert Einstein Letter to FDR
      Primary Document - FDR Library
      This is a letter from Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt in 1939. This letter helped to start the Manhattan Project.
    • Deadliest Weapons in World's History, Made In Santa Fe Vicinity
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      In this article published on August 6, 1945, the same day the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Santa Fe first learns of a secret town of 6,000 residents located at the site of the Los Alamos Ranch School on the Pajarito Plateau. The new town of
    • FDR's Response to Einstein Letter
      Primary Document - FDR Library
      This is President Roosevelt's response to Albert Einstein's letter about atomic testing. This letter was done in 1939 by Edwin Watson, secretary to the President.
    • Fuller Lodge - Los Alamos, NM
      Photograph - Historic American Building Collections, Library of Congress
      This is a photograph of the Fuller Lodge in Los Alamos, NM. The Fuller Lodge was used by the military staff and J. Oppenheimer during the Manhattan Project. This photo was complied by the Historic American Buildings Survey after 1933.  Part of the Am
    • July 16, 1945 - First Atomic Bomb Detonation
      Drawing - Historic American Engineering Record, Library of Congress
      This 1968 document is the explanation of the first atomic detonation at the Trinity Site, White Sands, NM. It gives details of the detonation. LOC: HAER NM,27-ALMOG.V,1A- (sheet 4 of 11)
    • Letter, FDR to Oppenheimer
      Primary Document - Library of Congress
      In the midst of World War II, while engaged abroad in a major conflict with Germany and Japan, the United States was also working furiously at home toward the completion of the Manhattan Project. This huge research and development project was begun i
    • Notebook of Manhattan Project Testing
      Primary Document - National Archives
      Eight months after the United States entered World War II, the Federal Government launched the Manhattan Project, an all-out, but highly secret, effort to build an atomic bomb—and to build one before the Germans did. The task was to translate the vas
    • Now They Can Be Told Aloud, Those Stoories of 'The Hill'
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      This article describes the secrecy and censorship that affected New Mexico during the original development of the Atomic Bomb. It was published the same day (August 6, 1945) that President Truman revealed the Atomic bomb had been dropped on Hiroshima
    • Trinity Site - Camera Bunker
      Photograph - Historic American Engineering Record, Library of Congress
      Photograph of the interior of one of the camera bunkers at the Trinity Site, White Sands Missile Range. Photo was taken in April of 1984, years after detonation.
    • Trinity Site - Explosion
      Photograph - LANL PA-98-0520
      Photograph of Trinity Site atomic bomb explosion, 0.016 second after explosion on July 16, 1945. The viewed hemisphere's highest point in this image is about 200 meters high.
    • Trinity Site - Map
      Map - Historic American Engineering Record, Library of Congress
      This is a map of the Manhattan Project sites. The document highlights the detonation site at White Sands, NM and the atomic testing.  HAER (Historic American Engineering Record) complied this information after 1968. LOC: HAER NM,27-ALMOG.V,1A- (sh
    • Trinity Site - Survey Photo
      Photograph - Historic American Engineering Record, Library of Congress
      Photo of Trinity Site, location of the first atomic detonation. This photo was taken by a survey team years later. One can see the ranch house and barn.  HAER (Historic American Engineering Record) photographers took this photo in April, 1984.
  • Bataan Death March
    • 200th Prepares to Depart for West Coast
      Newspaper Article - Clovis News Journal
      This article establishes the time frame for the movement of the 200th Coast Artillery to the West Coast and eventual transport to the Philippines.
    • Death March Victim Safe
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      This is an article provided by a survivor of the Bataan Death March, who escaped and hid for nearly three years before rejoining U. S. forces.
    • National Guard Gets Its Order to Mobilize
      Newspaper Article - Clovis News Journal
      Five New Mexico National Guard units in the 200th Coast Artillery received orders on January 3, 1941 to mobilize for a year's service. The 200th units were from Gallup, Santa Fe, Taos. Deming, and Clovis. The newly-formed 104th Anti-tank battalion, w
    • Sgt. Kiesov, Once Reported Dead, Captive
      Newspaper Article - Santa Fe New Mexican
      This article written in December of 1942 tells of the status of the 200th Coast Artillery. The Death March occurred prior to this and Sgt. Kiesov survived this..

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