New Mexico Role in WW I Era (1916-1919)

The following are source documents which cover the New Mexico Role in WW I Era (1916-1919). They are intended to be used for teaching New Mexico history.

  • Pancho Villa Invades NM
    • Almost Escapes on Villa's Horse
      Newspaper Article - Western Liberal, Lordsburg, NM
      This 1916 newspaper article is a first-person description of the abduction, experiences and release of a Mormon colonist in Northern Mexico by Pancho Villa's forces just prior to and during his attack on Columbus, New Mexico. It provides some
    • General Francisco (Pancho) Villa on Horseback
      Photograph - National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress, Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-npcc-19554
      Photograph of General Francisco (Pancho) Villa on horseback, taken sometime between 1908 and
    • General Pershing
      Photograph - US Army
      This is a photo of General Pershing looking over notes at his camp for the US Army Punitive Expedition in
    • General Pershing at Camp
      Photograph - Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
      Photo of General John J. Pershing at camp during US Army Punitive Expedition in Mexico.  This photo was taken in
    • Hand Carving up a map of Southwestern United States
      Political Cartoon - Library of Congress
      World War I cartoon shows a hand in a gauntlet (decorated with the imperial German eagle) carving up a map of the Southwestern United States. Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas are labeled "For Mexico." California is labeled "For Japan(?)" The rest of
    • Mexican War 1914: Large Group of Federal Prisoners
      Photograph - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
      This is a photo of a large group of Federal Mexican War prisoners in
    • Pancho Villa - Uncle Sam Berryman Cartoon
      Political Cartoon - 1916 Cartoon by Clifford K. Berryman, via National Archive Berryman Collection
      In this 1916 Political cartoon, Uncle Sam leaps across the border fence with Mexico to chase Pancho Villa saying “I've Had About Enough of
    • Pershing's Camp
      Photograph - Underwood & Underwood
      This photo is at General Pershing's camp in Mexico during his punitive expedition. It shows Pershing's men baking bread in a oven for the
    • The Pershing "Punitive" Expedition
      Political Cartoon - Cabinet of American Illustration Collection, Library of Congress
      This political cartoon shows Pershing "pursuit" of Pancho Villa in Mexico. The cartoon is making fun at the fact that Pershing was having difficulty in finding and capturing Villa. The cartoon was published in 1916 and is part of the Cabinet of
    • Villa & Staff, Mexico
      Photograph - George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress
      Photo shows Francisco "Pancho" Villa (at the "X"), Calixto Contreras (4th from left) and Fidel Avila (3rd from right), at Hacienda de Bustillos, Chihuahua
    • Zimmermann Telegram
      Primary Document - U.S. National Archives
      The Zimmermann Telegram was a 1917 coded message from the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire, Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckard, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German
  • Flu Epidemic
    • A Proclamation
      Newspaper Article - The Roswell Daily Record
      This is a proclamation issued by the Governor of New Mexico designed to curb the spread of the Spanish

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