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Spanish Colonial Transportation, 1706-1821
Spanish Colonial Transportation
When Albuquerque was founded in 1706, its location on El Camino Real, the Royal Road, contributed to its survival. It was the principal artery of travel and trade and linked Albuquerque with both Santa Fe and northern New Mexico and Chihuahua.

By order of the governor in 1732, the annual trade convoy from New Mexico to Mexico departed each November 1, and everyone with goods to export (primarily wool and wool products) met in Albuquerque. There the governor provided a military escort for the journey down El Camino Real. Every year at that time the village plaza must have been a lively scene. Albuquerque also contributed some of its militia members to serve as guards.

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